Mongolia is truly one of the last unknown destinations in the world and at the same time one of the safest to visit. It is a land of open spaces, cobalt blue sky, forests, deserts, crystal clear rivers and lakes, and the traditional hospitality of the nomadic.
The permanent locations are few and far between, the land is owned by the people - it's like a big national park. A destination and a tremendous outdoor experience with a unique history dating back to single Mongol Empire GenghisKhan.
Simply put: a land of adventure, the king of horse country, the land of the nomads, and the land of sky blue.
Population: 2.8 million
Area: 1,566,000 sq km (610.740 sq mi)
Land boundaries: 8.158 km, 3.485 km with Russia and China with 4.673 km
Average average altitude: 1,580 m above sea level
Terrain: Vast semi-desert plains and deserted mountanhas.
Population: Khalkha Mongols (86%), Kazaks (6%), about a dozen other Mongolian ethnic groups
Languages: Mongolian, Kazakh, Russian, Chinese. Inglês is Widely spoken in the Ulaanbaatar.
Religion: Tibetan Buddhism, Muslim, Christian and Shamanism
Literacy rate: 92.9%
Climate: Average summer temperature +20' C, average winter temperature-26'C, average rainfall 200-220 mm. Winter lasts from November to late April, Spring May through June, Summer from July through to September.
Political system: Parliamentary Republic. The President elected for four years. Prime Minister appointed by State Great Khural for four years.
Legislature: State Great Khural (Parliament), unicameral with 76 members elected for four years.
Judicial system: Mongolian judicial system Consists of Constitutional Court, Supreme Court, Aimag and capital city courts, soum and district courts.
State structure: Mongolia is a unitary state and divided administratively into aimags (21) and the capital city; aimags are subdivided into soums, soums into bags, and the capital city into districts, districts into khoroos.
National currency: Tugrik (MNT), about MNT 1230 = USD 1 in December, 2005
Fiscal year: January 1 - December 31
Main entry points: Buyant Ukhaa (airport in Ulaanbaatar), Sukhbaatar (railway station on Mongolian-Russian border) and Zamyn Uud (railway station on Mongolian-Chinese border)
Sea access: Tianjin / China (1.344 km) and Nakhodka / Russia (4.037 km)
Public holidays: December 31 - January 1 - New Year 3 days in January / February - Mongolian New Year (Tsagaan Sar), June 1 - Mother and Child day, July 11-13 - National Holiday (Naadam)
Time: Add 8 hours to Greenwich Mean Time
Normal working hours: 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. and 2:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m.
Electric current: 220 HZ volts/50
Weight and measures: Metric System
Visa arrangements: Visa Shall be issued by Mongolia Embassies and Diplomatic Missions as well as Honorary consuls of Mongolia, or can be Obtained at the airport at a cost of U.S. $ 53 but must be Accompanied by an invitation.