Israel is a small Middle Eastern country with an extensive coast on the eastern Mediterranean Sea and a small part on the Red Sea at the Gulf of Eilat (Aqaba). Israel is surrounded by Egypt and the Gaza Strip to the southwest, by Jordan and the West Bank to the east, and by Syria and Lebanon to the north. It shares borders to the Jordan River and the Dead Sea with the West Bank and Jordan.
This developed country has great varied geography and climate: from the cold mountains in the north to the dry wildernesses in the south, and from deserted areas to modern cosmopolitan cities.
Israel’s ethnic and religious mixture is rich and captivating. Its rich history and sanctity for the three monotheistic religions - Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, left in this country a rich heritage with many ancient and holy sites.
REASONS TO GO
Travelling in this country feels like walking through history.
Jerusalem is a city that offers a unique religious and spiritual experience.
Tel Aviv will indulge your urban tastes: museums, opera, theatre and dance, fine restaurants with cuisines from around the world.
GOOD TO KNOW
Currency: New Israeli Shekel (NIS)
Area: 22.072 sq km
Population: 7.4 million
Language: Hebrew and Arabic
Calling Code: 972
Spring: Purim; Passover; Israel Independence Day
Summer: Shavu'ot; Tisha B'Av
Autumn: Sukkot; Rosh Hashanah; Yom Kippur; Shemini Atzeret
Israel is usually quite safe for tourists. There is a risk of violence between Israeli Forces and Palestinian Militants in the West Bank and Gaza at any time; additionally, there is a slight risk of further military action between Israel and other countries. Currently the situation makes travel safe. Use prudence and be informed if you plan to travel to the Palestinian territories.